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It was a noticeable rendering of a dick, large and arching upwards. It cannot have had any practical


significance, but was meant as a phallic exhibit, a demonstration of power, a danger signal of the same nature as the helmets beaten into the shape of lion masks which appeared concurrently. The man in armour with his 223 Journal of Sport History, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Winter, 1985) A Geometric bronze statue from Olympia. Become A Nude Writer For Naturist Portal Site, Where Pants Are Always Optional and Nick Corbetis, eds., Olympia 1971 amount 3. (Courtesy of Mike Roberts Colour Production). Cod piece and the baboon exhibiting his erect dick as an aggressive signal to other baboons to keep off purpose at the same effect» (p. 165). The author also notes that tendencies towards genital activity of an aggressive nature are repressed in our current civilization and that today's men aren't aware of potentials like those openly expressed in the Near East and-at least verbally-among the ancient Norsemen. This means, based on the author, that reasonable understanding of the competitive aspects of phallic symbolism is lost also; and this in turn Signifies that appreciation of the signal function of a phallic symbolism in dominance-submission routines has vanished from the consciousness-however that these patterns still remain unchanged and watchful of action below the threshold (p. 191). 224 Origin of Nudity in Greek Athletics A Proto-Attic Vase. Cecil Smith, «A Proto-Attic Vase,» JHS 22 (1902) PI.11 a. (Courtesy of the Society for the Promotion of Helenic Studies). surprised to see in the province of Maabar, India that men went to battle naked with just a lance and a shield. In the Trichinopoly District of Bengal, when in the rainy season tanks and rivers threaten to blow up their banks, guys stand naked on the embankments; and if too much rain falls, nude guys point firebrands at the heavens, as in the case of rain-magic. This nudity is assumed to «shock» the forces that sent the rain and cause its cessation. To a crude warrior the phallus was an emblem of power having prophylactic merit against the assaults of the enemy. Roman soldiers marching into battle taken phallic symbols on their standards. The distinct state of the sexual organ of a fighter engaged in mortal combat is a matter well understood in the Polynesian superstition.24 24. H. Yule, Marco Polo (London, 1929), 2: 274,275,278. I. Wise, Notes on the Races, Castes and Trades of Eastern Bengal (London, 1883). p. 369; W. Crooke, «Nudity in India in Custom and Rite,» Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 49 (1919): 248; George Ryley Scott, Phallic Worship (Awesome Delhi, 1975). p, 109, Gza Rohelm, Animism, Magic and the Divine King (London. 1972). p. 21. Also see W. G. Gudgeon, «Phallic Symbol from Atiu Island,» Journal of But I was not prepared to (1904—1905): 193. One of the Kiwi Papuans of British New Guinea the dick of a slain foe is cut off and dried. Before a fight a small piece of it combined with banana is given to the youthful warriors to make them more powerful. [See Gunnar Landman, The Kiwai Papuons of British Awesome Guinea (London, 1927), p. 1281. Additionally see Rohelm, Animism. Magic and the Divine Kiq. p. 20. 225 Journal of Sport History, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Winter, 1985) The apotropaic use of the phallus is certainly exposed in the Greek herms which consisted of a square stone column surmounted by a guy's bearded head and bearing an erect phallus. They stood in front of houses as house-guards,25 in the market places, at intersection26 and at the frontiers, consistently facing away from the guarded premises. The same sort of sculpture is found in some present cultures, like on Borneo and Nias, Bali and the Nikobar Islands as objects of superstition against the spirits of the Dead.27 W. Burkert wrote on the meaning of the display of phallus: I cannot find any actual explanation before ethology found that there are species of monkeys, living in groups, of whom the males act as guards: They sit up at the outposts, confronting outside and presenting their erect genital organ. This is an «animal rite» in the sense noted above: the basic function of sexual activity is suspended for the sake of communication; every individual approaching from the outside will see this group does not consist of weak wives and kids, but appreciates the complete protection of masculinity.28 Scientists also observed that within a group of squirrel monkeys, one creature 25. The ongoing belief in the apotropaic power of phallus seems to account for its look on the doorways of new buildings in major cities of India. The guard figures regularly protecting either side of the entry to a Saivite temple in India, have noticeable erect sexual organs. [See Clarence Maloney, The Evil Eye (New York, 1976). pp. 114, 1251. For exactly the same purpose representations of human phalli are curved upon the outdoor timbers of dwelling places in Central Borneo [See Frederic T. Elworthy, The Evil Eye (London, 1957), p. 1071. Legba or


 

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